Why do we have a gendered approach?

nia holds a feminist analysis of violence. This does not mean that we think that domestic violence, sexual violence and forced marriage etc do not happen to men and boys, neither that we think that all men are violent, but that we think that there are inequalities between woman and men in addition to real and significant differences between the ways that women and men perpetrate and experience violence.

This is because Gender is the most significant risk factor in domestic violence. Women experience the majority of violence – physical and sexual – in relationships. Women are more likely than men to be injured and to fear the abuser.
Men perpetrate the majority of incidents of violence, whether in intimate relationships or not, whether against women or other men

Women who are killed by current of former partners significantly outnumber men. Even though approximately four times as many men are killed each year, when domestic violence homicides are separated, around three quarters of the people killed by current or former partners are women.

There is inequality between women and men in society including but not limited to income, work opportunities, childcare & domestic responsibilities and access to public space There are different expectations of typical and acceptable forms of male and female behaviours and girls and boys are socialised into these from birth.

Around 21% of girls and 11% of boys experience some form of child sexual abuse. 23% of women and 3% of men experience sexual assault as an adult. 5% of women and 0.4% of men experience rape.

For these reasons, nia believes that a gendered approach is an essential foundation for understanding and working to end violence.